logy词根的常识总结

时间:2022-1-1 作者:攀登英语网

词根可以单独构成词,也可以彼此组合成词,通过 前缀后缀来改变单词的 词性和意义。下面是学习啦小编为你整理的logy词根的相关资料,希望大家喜欢!

logy词根

词根词缀:-ology, -logy, -ologist, -logist

【来源及含义】Greek: a suffix meaning: to talk, to speak; a branch of knowledge; any science or academic field that ends in -ology which is a variant of -logy; a person who speaks in a certain manner; someone who deals with certain topics or subjects

【相关描述】The word -ology is a back-formation from the names of certain disciplines. The -logy element basically means "the study of ____". Such words are formed from Greek or Latin roots with the terminal -logy derived from the Greek suffix -λογια (-logia), speaking, from λεγειν (legein), "to speak".

The suffix -ology is considered to be misleading sometimes as when the "o" is actually part of the word stem that receives the -logy ending; such as, bio + logy.

Through the years -ology and -logy have come to mean, "study of" or "science of" and either of these suffixes often utilize the form of -ologist, "one who (whatever the preceding element refers to)".

The examples shown in this unit represent just a small fraction of the many words that exist in various dictionaries.

【相关词根词缀】Cross references of word families related directly, or indirectly, to: "talk, speak, speech; words, language; tongue, etc.":

cit-;

clam-;

dic-;

fa-;

-farious;

glosso-;

glotto-;

lalo-;

linguo-;

locu-;

logo-;

loqu-;

mythico-;

ora-;

-phasia;

-phemia;

phon-;

phras-;

Quotes: Language,Part 1;

Quotes: Language, Part 2;

Quotes: Language, Part 3;

serm-;

tongue;

voc-.

【同源单词】abiology, abiophysiology, academic anthropologist, academic anthropology, acanthologist, acanthology

logy后缀

-logy [名词后缀]亦作-ology

表示“…学”、“…研究”、“…论”、“…法”,与-logical,-logist相对应

biology 生物学

zoology 动物学

oceanology 海洋学

climatology 气候学

dialectology 方言学

mineralogy 矿物学

bacteriology 细菌学

musicology 音乐研究

methodology 方法论

escapology 逃避法

volcanology 火山学

vitaminology 维生素学

常用词根

ache=ache 痛 earache 耳痛

ag=do, act 做,动 agent 代理人

agri, agro=agricultural 农业的 agriculture 农业,农艺

ann, enn=year 年 annual 每年的,年度的

astro, aster=star 星 astronomy 天文学

audi, audit=hear 听 audible 听得见的

bell=war 战争 rebellion 反叛,反抗

bio, bi=life 生命,生物 biology 生物学

brev=short 短 abbreviate 缩短,节略

ced, ceed=go 行走 precedent 先行的,在前

cept=take 拿,取 exception 例外,除外

circ=ring 环,,圆 circle 圆,圈,环状物

cid, cis=cut, kill 切,杀 suicide 自杀

claim, clam=cry, shout 喊叫 exclaim 呼喊,惊叫

clar=clear 清楚的,明白的 clarify 澄清;使清楚

clud, clus=close, shut 关闭 exclude 排除,排斥,拒绝接纳

cogn=know 知道 cognition 认知

cord=heart 心 cordial 衷心的,诚心的

corpor, cor=body 体 corporation 团体,社团

cred=believe, trust 相信,信任 credibility 可信,可靠,

cruc=cross 十字 crucify把……钉在十字桇上;折磨

cur=care 关心,挂念,注意 security 安全


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