词语资料-介词使用方法大全

时间:2022-1-3 作者:趣学网

有形with无形by,语言 、单位、材料in
例:The workers are paving a road with stone. 工大家正用石子铺路。(有形)
The teacher is correcting the paper with a new pen. 这位教师正用一支新笔批改论文。(有形)
“Taking Tiger Mountain by Strategy” is a good opera. < <智取威虎山 > >是—出好戏。(无形)
The product is separated by distilation into gasoline and gas oil. 这种商品是用蒸馏离别出气油和粗柴油。 (表示方法、方法、办法——无形)
I really can’t express my idea in English freely in-deed. 我确实不可以用英语流利地表达我的思想。 (表示某种语言用in)
I wrote a novel in Russian. 我用俄语写了一本小说。(同上)
The kilometer is the biggest unit of length in the metric system. 公里是米制中最长的长度单位。 (表示度、量、衡单位的用in )
The length is measured in meter, kilometre, and centimetre. 长度是以米、公里、厘米为单位来计算的。(同上)
This board was cast in bronze not in gold. 这个牌匾是铜铸的,不是金铸的。

特点、方面与方法、心情、成语惯用in
特点或状况:
例: The Democratic Party was then in power. 那时民主党执政。
They found the patient in a coma. 他们发现病人处于昏迷状况。
He has not been in good health for some years. 他几年来身体一直不好。
Many who came in despair went away in hope. 很多人携带绝望情绪而来,却满怀期望而去。
The house was in ruins. 这房子成了废墟。
The poor girl was in tears. 这个贫苦女生泪流满面。
Her clothes were in rags. 她的衣跟穿破了。
His shoes were in holes. 他的鞋穿出窟窿了。
I only said it in fun. 我说这话只不过开玩笑的。
She spoke in grief rather than in anger. 与其说她讲得非常气愤,不如说她讲得非常伤心。
还有一些短语也用in,如:
in jest 诙谐地,in joke 开玩笑地,in spite 恶意地, in fairness 公正地,in revenge 报复, in mercy 宽大,in sorrow 伤心地等。
His mind was in great confusion. 他脑子里非常乱。
Today everybody is in high spirits and no one is in low ebb. 今天大伙都兴高采烈,没一个情绪低落的。
She and her classmates are in flower ages. 她和她的同学都正值妙龄。
The compaign was in full swing. 运动正值高潮中。
方面:
例:we accepted the item in principle. 大家在原则上同意了这个条约。
They are never backward in giving their views. 他们从来不怕发表我们的建议。
The backward area has achieved self-sufficient in grain. 这个落后的区域在粮食方面已能自给。
A good teacher must be an example in study. 一个好的教师需要是学习的模范。
方法:
例:All the speeches were taken down in shorthand. 所有报告都用速记记录下来了。


The Party has always educated us in the spirit of patriotism and internationalism. 党一贯以爱国主义和国际主义精神教育大家。
如下成语惯用in
比如: in all 总计
in advance 事前
in the meantime 与此同时
in place 适合地
in hopes of(或in the hope of) 怀着…….期望
in connection with 和……有关
in contact with 和……联系
in addition to 除……以外
in case of 假如,万一
in conflict with 和……冲突
in force 有效的,大量
in depth 彻底地
in regard to 关于
in the neighborhood of 大约、邻近
in retrospect 回顾,一想起
in behalf of 代表……利益
in the least 一点,丝毫
in alarm 惊慌、担忧
in the opinion of 据……见解
in the long run 从长远说来
in one’s opinion 在……看来
in word 口头上
in a word 总之
in vain 无益地, 白白地
in case 假如,万一,以防
in detail 详细地
in haste 急急忙忙地
in conclusion 总之
in spite of 尽管
in other words… 换句话说
in return 作为回报
in the name of 以……名义
be confident in 对……有信心
be interested in 对……有兴趣
in doubt 怀疑
in love 交往中
in debt 负债
in fun (jest、joke) 玩笑地
in hesitation 犹豫不决
in wonder 在惊奇中
in public (secret) 公开他(秘密地)
in a good humour 心情(情绪)好

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